Gustav Mahler was born in Kalist (Bohemia) on July 7, 1860 from humble
Jewish parents, and grew up in Iglau (Moravia). At 15 he enrolled in
the Vienna conservatory, where he studied piano and composition,
received a number of awards, and completed his studies in 1878. From
1880 he was a conductor and "Kapellmeister" in Hall, Ljubljana, Olmütz,
Kassel, Prague, and Leipzig and in 1888 he became the manager of the
Royal Opera Theatre in Budapest. From 1891 he was chief conductor in
Hamburg. In 1897 he was summoned to the Imperial Royal Opera Theatre
of Vienna and soon became its manager. His ten-year governance (until
1907) is seen as the most brilliant time in the glorious history of
this theatre. After he resigned, he was engaged as a guest conductor
at the New York Metropolitan Opera House (for two seasons) and later
became the manager of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. In 1911, as
he fell seriously ill during the concert season, he expressed the wish
to be brought to Vienna, where he died on May 18. Due to his
uninterrupted activity as a conductor, Mahler could only compose
during his holiday months. He conceived his greatest works on the “Attersee”,
on the “Wörthersee” and, from 1908, in Toblach. In his frequent
concert tours, in which he conducted his own works, he travelled to
the cities of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, through Germany and
Holland, and to Italy, Russia, and France.
- Symphonies I - IX
- X Symphony (fragment)
- "Das klagende Lied"
- "Das Lied von der Erde"
- “Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen"
- Songs from "Des Knaben Wunderhorn"